Where does the Saffron come from?
This valuable Iranian commodity dates back to 3500 years ago. Saffron (with the scientific name of Crocus Sativus) is the most expensive spice in the world. Iranian red gold is a unique and strategic product, geographically registered in regions such as Khorasan Razavi and Khorasan Jonoubi provinces.
Where is the main origin of the red gold?
There are various theories about the origin of this product, some of which have legendry roots. For example, some consider it to be of Indian origin. They believe that all fragrant herbals are heavenly bringing for Adam, who landed in India.
Since “Saffron” is an Arabicized term for Zarparan, some consider it to be of Arabic origin.
In China, people believe that this spice has a Tibetan origin because they call it Jakhoonkha, meaning Tibetan red flower.
Iranian saffron bulb has smuggled to Afghanistan, and this led Afghanistan to compete with Iran in the exportations.
Greece, which has banned the import of this plant, also consider this precious Iranian commodity to be a national product. Alexander the Macedonian used it to heal the wounds during his expeditions to Asia and took saffron bulbs to Greece as booty.
However, the available historical evidence shows that the original habitat of the saffron bulbs was in Iran. The oldest documents about saffron that have come down to us, dating back to the Persian Achaemenid period. We are lucky enough that the Achaemenids have engraved a long list of all kinds of consumables and the amount consumed on a bronze column. This inscription used to install in front of the Persian Shah’s residence.
The product is registered geographically, but not globally.
Iran is known as the global village of saffron. But unfortunately, this valuable Iranian product is not yet registered globally, and geographical registration alone is not enough for such a precious commodity.
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